Determinism and Free Will in the Qur'an
In this paper, Dr. Muhammad Mahdi Gorjian discusses the topic of determinism and free will (al-jabr wa’l ikhtiyār), a profound subject that continues to fascinate many scholars, Muslim and non-Muslim alike. This created one of the heated controversies that merged among the Muslims after the demise of the Prophet Muhammad (S). Some Muslims supported the idea of determinism (al-jabr) and some supported the idea of delegation of all power over the voluntary actions to man (al-tafwiḍ). Each group tried to argue for their position from the Qur’an. The adherents of the school of Ahl al-Bayt (A) have avoided extreme points of views. Following the Imams (A), they have insisted on what is referred to as ‘a status between the two’ (amrun bayn al-amrayn). This paper has been translated from Farsi into English for the Message of Thaqalayn by Mohammad Rassafi.